5 Facts About Mayans History

Mayans

There is an ancient Mayan city found in the jungle of tropical forests in the Peten Region, Guatemala. It is no ordinary city but a megapolitan inhabited by millions of people, complete with industrial-scale agricultural land and an integrated canal system. The city’s existence was revealed thanks to the Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) mapping technique. The way it works is by reflecting a laser beam onto the ground and then revealing detailed contours behind the dense trees in the forest.

The mapping of an area of ​​2,100 square kilometers further reveals the fact that the Mayans — one of the original inhabitants of the American continent who lived around 1000 BC to 900 AD — were a nation that was skilled in farming. “This could be a strong reason why America is known as the origin of various important plants today, such as chilies and potatoes, for example,” said Thomas Garrison, Assistant Professor of Anthropology from Ithaca College in New York, the USA, as quoted by Time.

The mapping of the area was able to detect as many as 60,000 individual structures, including four locations of Mayan worship centers equipped with pyramids and open fields. Not only the discovery of an ancient city in the middle of the wilderness, but the Mayans also have many unsolved mysteries. Here are some of them

1. Cruel Nation

The popular view is that the Maya were a peaceful tribe: they enjoyed stargazing, trading jade, gold, and beautiful feathers in exchange for other goods.

However, that assumption was dashed when archaeologists uncovered ancient symbols and letters left on statues and temples.

As it turned out, the Mayans were no more violent than their northern neighbors, the Aztecs.

Scenes of war, massacre, and human sacrifice are immortalized in rock paintings.

Wars between city-states turned into endless brutal battles, so many believe it was the cause of the decline of the Maya civilization, which eventually perished.

2. Never Predicted Doomsday 2012

The world was made a scene ahead of December 21, 2012 – which was considered the ‘doomsday according to the Mayans’.

The date is said to correspond to the Mayan Long Count calendar, a very complex system covering a period of about 5,200 years.

The hysteria ahead of December 21, 2012 — the endpoint of the Long Count’s count — even made the United States Space Agency (NASA) speak up, dismissing all rumors and false news circulating. All the arguments for the ’cause’ of the apocalypse were disproved by science.

The United States Space Agency, NASA, revealed that the Mayan apocalypse rumors began with a claim about a “wild” planet called Nibiru. “It is said that the planet discovered by the Sumerians was pointing towards Earth,” explained NASA on the nasa.gov site.

Nibiru or popularly called “Planet X,” was then claimed to cause the apocalypse. “Initially, the end of the world was predicted to occur in May 2003, but because nothing happened, the end of the world was shifted to December 2012,” said NASA.

Incidentally, December 21, 2012, coincided with the end of the 13th b’ak’tun long count calendar (Long Count) Maya. “That’s why suddenly the apocalypse is predicted to occur on December 21, 2012.”

In fact, the ancient Mayans never predicted the apocalypse. The end of their calendar is a new beginning, not a sign of the apocalypse.

3. Literacy

The Mayans turned out to have language, letters, and even books. To the untrained eye, their alphabet looks like a strange series of dots and scribbles.

In fact, the ancient Mayans used a complex language. Not all members can read.

The books were allegedly produced and used by religious leaders or priests.

The Maya had thousands of books when the Spaniards arrived and colonized their land. However, immigrants burned most of the books.

Only four Maya books or codexes have survived.

4. Ritual of Human Sacrifice

The ritual of human sacrifice is considered closely related to the Aztec culture of Central Mexico. However, that assumption may have been because the Spanish chronicler was there to witness it.

It turned out that the Mayans were just as thirsty for blood when they made offerings to the gods they worshiped.

The Mayan city-states often fought with each other, and many enemy fighters were taken, prisoner. These captives were usually enslaved or sacrificed.

High-ranking captives such as nobles or kings were forced to play ball matches against charming parties.

After the match, the outcome of which was predetermined — according to who won and lost in battle — the captives were sacrificed in a ritual.

The Actun Tunichil Muknal Cave in Belize bears witness to the Mayan ritual of human sacrifice.

At the end of the cavernous twists and turns, on a stretch of wet ground dubbed “The Cathedral,” are 14 human skeletons, victims of the Mayan ritual sacrifice to their god.
The most famous is the skeleton of an 18-year-old girl nicknamed “The Crystal Maiden.” He was laid in a cave room, which was separated from the other bodies.

It is believed that the poor girl died horribly, allegedly with a bat, where two of the victim’s spine was broken by it.

Her body sticks out of the ground in a unique position and is hardened by chalk, forming a shining layer of calcite — inspiring her nickname as the ‘crystal maiden.’

Meanwhile, the age of other skeletons varies, from 1 year to an estimated 45 years. The majority died from fatal head trauma. Some even had their skulls crushed.

The ancient Maya was one of the most mysterious civilizations in the world. They believe the underground world that exists in the caves is home to the gods who control rain and harvest.

Young children and women are believed to be the purest human beings and most desired by the gods. That’s why they are used as sacrifices to get collective luck.

5. Mysterious Perish

Around the year 700 AD, the Mayan civilization became strong. Powerful city-states ruled over weak followers, trade flourished, and cultural achievements such as art, architecture, and astronomy were at their peak.

By 900 AD, a number of city-states that were important supporters of Mayan culture, such as Tikal, Palenque, and Calakmul, declined and were abandoned.

The Maya civilization declined until it finally perished. What happened? No one knows for sure.

Some experts say war is the trigger. Others argue that climate change, hunger, and disease outbreaks are the main factors.

It’s also possible that what happened was a combination of all of these. However, until now, experts have not found an agreement.

Even though the Ancient Mayan civilization ended a thousand years ago, that doesn’t mean the people died.

Maya culture was still around when the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the early 1500s. Like the rest of America, they were conquered and enslaved, their culture banned, their books destroyed.

For 500 years, the Mayans have struggled to maintain the culture and traditions of their ancestors. In Guatemala, parts of Mexico, Belize, there are ethnic groups that still adhere to their traditions, such as language, dress, and religion, dating back to the days when the great Mayan civilization was at its peak.

The Most Creepy Mummies in the World

mummy

The mummy must look scary. But for certain people, mummies can be interesting objects. Living things, humans or animals that have been preserved over the years offer hidden information on how ancient people lived their lives. That’s why Mummies have always been loved by archaeologists and scientists. They are not afraid because their curiosity for knowledge is much greater. Here are some of the scariest mummies ever found:

The Mummy of Guanajuato

1. The Mummy of Guanajuato – Mexico

You could say the mummy of Guanajuato, Mexico is one of the most terrifying in the world. The contorted expressions on some of their faces were a testament to the fact that some of them were buried alive. In one case, the mummy of a woman was found in a tomb, biting her arm and filling her mouth with blood.

The mummy of Guanajuato was mummified from the cholera epidemic that hit Mexico City in 1833. The bodies were not intentionally mummified but were naturally preserved in a dry environment. They were discovered when the government introduced a tax on local cemeteries that forced living relatives to pay or their deceased family members exhumed and removed. Friends of strangedidunia.com, some pay taxes, and those who don’t, most of the corpses are mummified. These mummies were then kept in a building that eventually became a museum called El Museo De Las Momias ‘The Mummy Museum’.

Qilakitsoq mummy baby

2. Qilakitsoq Mummy Baby – Greenland

Here’s another case of a possible live burial, this time involving a child about six months old in Greenland. He was found on top of a pile of three other mummified girls and boys, all preserved by the cold climate. It’s possible that he could have had Down’s Syndrome, so he might have been placed in a grave and buried alive with his dead mother – as was the custom of the Eskimos of the time. Three female mummies were found nearby. The bodies are in cold stone tombs buried in AD 1460. Their clothes are beautiful examples of fashion, including 78 items of clothing made from the skins of various animals, including seals and deer.

Juanita Mummy

3. Juanita Mummy – Peru

Juanita’s mummy is the first frozen female mummy ever found in South America. It is known when Juanita died wearing the best clothes full of bright colors made of high-quality cloth tied with silver safety pins and wearing a feather headdress. With the condition of Juanita’s mummy, which is very good, you can still see her hair in a small braid that is very neat. After a medical examination, it was known that before her death, Juanita ate a diet consisting of vegetables. His death was caused by being hit by a hard object to the side of the head.

Research on her DNA profile by experts from the Institute for Genomic Research in Maryland determined that Juanita lived around the year 1470 (only 20 years after Columbus landed on the Americas) and was about 14 years old. According to the Spaniards who colonized South America, it is said that the Incas sacrificed children as special offerings to their gods. And being an offering is an honor because they are not sacrificed as food for the gods but are believed to have inhabited the heavenly world of the gods.

4 Short Mexican Legends Based on Folklore

legends

Mexican short legends are noted for their mystical content and the cultural syncretism that shaped them. They are an important part of popular culture because they represent and at the same time transmit values ​​and images about life and death, masculine and feminine, morals and injustice, sanctions and rewards.

Legends are stories transmitted from generation to generation through spoken words and more or less through text. It’s about stories that can include historical, fantastical, or supernatural elements and characters who interact with people and impact everyday life phenomena. They have the function of explaining situations or human nature and have the power to represent an important part of the imagination, values ​​, and social conventions.

For this reason, legends vary according to where they appear and the culture that transmitted them. In Mexican legends, we can find an extensive list of symbolic images and mythical representations that fulfill important social functions. While there are many more, next, we will look at 4 short Mexican legends.

La-Llorona

1. Woman Who Cries

Legend has it that once upon a time, there was a woman who, in an attempt to take revenge on the man she loved, killed her children by drowning them in a river. Soon after that, she repented, and before being guilty, she decided to commit suicide.

Since then, she wanders the streets of different cities in the middle of the night (especially near places where there is water), and she repeats endlessly, “Oh my children!”. For this reason, she is known as “La Llorona.”

This woman’s roots, and the reasons that led her to seek revenge, vary by version. There are also those who say that it is women who appear specifically for drunken men and, through fear, will punish them.

2. Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl

In the center of Mexico, there are two volcanoes called Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl, just as an Aztec warrior has been named, and the daughter of one of the tribal chiefs, respectively. Popocatépetl had to go to war, but he promised Iztaccihuatl that he would return as soon as possible.

However, another warrior who had heard of them and had also fallen in love with the chief’s daughter informed Iztaccihuatl that Popocatépetl had died in battle, although this did not happen. The grief was so great that Iztaccihuatl decided to take his own life, and when Popocatépetl returned and could not find his lover, he did the same. In a trembling sign, their gods decided to reunite them in the form of two great volcanoes.

Gang Kiss

3. Gang Kiss

This legend, typical of the city of Guanajuato, says that a suspicious father separated his daughter, Carmen, from her lover. In such a way, she did not like the bond of love, which promised to marry her to another man, richer and more prestigious, who lived abroad. Before fulfilling it, he locked the girl in one of the town’s typical houses, marked by height and one very close to the other, only divided by a small alley.

Fortunately for the lovers, Carmen’s bedroom window adjoins the window of the house for sale, which the lovers quickly acquire as the only solution for their reunion. So the lovers can be together again.

But, soon, they were found by the father, who, in anger, nailed a knife to his daughter’s chest. Her lover could only kiss her goodbye. Since then, this aisle has been christened, the kissing aisle, and it is a tradition for couples who pass through it to kiss each other there.

4. Maya Hummingbird

They said When the Mayan gods created the earth, each animal was assigned a defined task. But, when they are done, they realize that there is nothing to transport ideas, thoughts, and desires between them.

The mud and corn are done, which is the material from which the other items come. They only had one small jade left, so they decided to carve it out and make a small arrow. When they finished, they blew it and flew away. They then created a new creature, which they called x’ts’unu’um, which means hummingbird.

9 Facts about Mexico, the Origin of Tacos

mexico-flag

Mexico is a country located in North America which is directly adjacent to the United States. The capital city of the country is Mexico City. Mexico itself has many exotic tourist attractions that attract many tourists, such as Playa Norte, Isla Contoy, Xcaret Park, to the Cancún Underwater Museum.

This country has many interesting facts to discuss. One example, Mexico is home to the volcano rabbit, which is now increasingly in existence.

Apart from that, there are many other interesting facts that you should know about Mexico. Here are nine unique facts about Mexico, the country of origin of the Mayan civilization. Curious?

mexico-culture

1. There are more than 50 indigenous languages ​​spoken in several villages. However Spanish is the national language of this country.

2. The salary system in this country is carried out twice a month which is usually on the 1st and 15th.

3. When making an appointment with Mexicans, you should not come on time because that is not their culture.

4. Many ancient civilizations from Mexico are famous throughout the world such as the Maya, Aztecs, Incas, Zapotecs, to the Toltecs.

5. This country is the country that introduced chili, corn, and chocolate to the world.

6. Mexico makes bullfighting with bullfighters a national sport. But football is still more popular today.

7. Christmas is a time when many children receive gifts, but not Mexican children. They received it on January 6th while celebrating “Three Wise Man”.

8. There are various Mexican foods that have gone global, such as tacos, buritos, to enchiladas.

9. Mexico has a tiny volcano measuring only about 9 meters long called Cuexcomate which has been dormant for a long time.

Mexico has many cultures that characterize it. Many tourists visit this country every year. So, which interesting facts make you want to visit there right away?